Uganda has become the largest refugee hosting county in Africa following the escalation of conflict in South Sudan in July 2016. According to UNHCR, the registered number of South Sudanese refugees has reached 834,235, accounting for 75% of the 1.2 million refugees Uganda is hosting as of March 2017.
The project therefore seeks to support both the immediate economic stabilisation needs of refugees and their host communities and the transition from an emergency response to a sustainable development path particularly in Uganda’s West Nile region where the recent refugee influx from South Sudan has stretched local resources to a maximum.
WAF’s work under this project will focus on three key areas:
- Emergency livelihoods and economic recovery;
- Environmental Conservation
- Capacity building of national and local government.
The main objective of the Emergency Response and Resilience Strategy for Refugees and host communities project is to strengthen the resilience of refugees, their host communities, the district local governments and relevant national institutions to cope with the large influx of refugees as well as support their efforts towards a sustainable development path.
The aim is to provide emergency support, while investing in existing national and local capacity to ensure they can adequately serve both refugee and host communities.
Specifically, the project aims to:
- Create emergency employment opportunities and develop sustainable livelihoods for both the refugees and their host communities
- Prevent and respond to Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) through access to justice mechanisms, legal aid provisions and provision of shelters for victims among other things.
- To strengthen core government function (both at national and local level) in service delivery to cope with the influxes as well as mainstream the resilience based approach in their responses.
Programmes employing the approach contribute to the overall delivery of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Following this approach, UNDP will provide livelihoods support to refugees and host communites through;
- Creation of emergency employment through cash for work activities;
- Development of micro and small enterprises through provison of skills training and start-up grants;
- Development of inclusive value chains in partnership with the private sector.
The type of cash for work interventions will be determined through a participatory and inclusive process. These interventions will be disaster risk and climate change sensitive, addressing the key development challenges faced in the refugee settlements and host communities, such as protection, access to water and energy, envoironmental and local economic development. They will also be gender responsive ensuring to meet the needs of both men and women while promoting peace building.